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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Changes in gene expression associated with induced differentiation of erythroleukemia: protooncogenes, globin genes, and cell division.

Hexamethylenebisacetamide (HMBA)-induced differentiation of murine erythroleukemia cells (MELC) is a multistep process involving an early latent period during which a number of metabolic changes have been detected, but the cells are not yet committed irreversibly to differentiate. Commitment is defined as the capacity of MELC to go on to express the program of terminal cell division and gene expression (such as the accumulation of globin mRNA) upon removal of the HMBA from the culture. In the presence of HMBA, a small proportion of MELC are committed by 10-12 hr and greater than 90% by 48-60 hr. The present study shows that, during the initial 4 hr of culture, HMBA causes a marked decrease in c-myb and c-myc and an increase in c-fos mRNA levels. With continued culture, the decrease in c-myb and the increase in c-fos mRNA persists, while c-myc mRNA returns to control levels before the time that MELC begin to show irreversible differentiation. Dexamethasone, which blocks expression of HMBA-induced MELC differentiation, does not alter the early pattern of changes in protooncogene mRNA nor the sustained elevation of c-fos, but it does inhibit the continued suppression of c-myb allowing c-myb to return toward control levels. Hemin, which induces MELC to accumulate globins but does not initiate commitment to terminal cell division, does not alter these protooncogene mRNA levels. These studies suggest that, although the early decrease in c-myb and c-myc and increase in c-fos mRNAs may be involved in the multistep events leading to differentiation, the continued suppression of c-myb is critical for HMBA-induced MELC commitment to terminal cell division.[1]


  1. Changes in gene expression associated with induced differentiation of erythroleukemia: protooncogenes, globin genes, and cell division. Ramsay, R.G., Ikeda, K., Rifkind, R.A., Marks, P.A. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1986) [Pubmed]
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