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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Influx of 5'-deoxy-5'-methylthioadenosine into HL-60 human leukemia cells and erythrocytes.

The influx of 5'-deoxy-5'-methylthioadenosine (MeSAdo) into human HL-60 leukemia cells and erythrocytes was characterized in order to determine whether it is facilitated by the nonspecific nucleoside carrier system or by a separate transporter, as suggested by other reports. Initial velocities were measured at room temperature by means of inhibitor-stop and oil-stop assays. MeSAdo influx was strongly inhibited by Ado, dAdo, and nucleoside transport inhibitors including nitrobenzylthioinosine and dipyridamole. Ade was inhibitory only at concentrations in excess of 1 mM. Loss of nucleoside transport capacity during differentiation of HL-60 cells was accompanied by a corresponding decrease in MeSAdo influx rates. These results indicate that MeSAdo influx was mediated by the nonspecific nucleoside transport system. The kinetic data were consistent with a single saturable carrier and yielded Km values of 74 and 184 microM and Vmax values of 424 and 48 pmols/10(6) cells/min with HL-60 cells and erythrocytes, respectively, after correction for a substantial passive diffusion component, which accounted for over 50% of the influx of 1 mM MeSAdo. The passive diffusion of MeSAdo in the presence of a transport inhibitor was not rate-limiting for the salvage of 50 microM MeSAdo to methionine when HL-60 cells were cultured in methionine-deficient medium. The large contribution of passive diffusion to the influx of MeSAdo is consistent with its unusually high octanol/water partition ratio (5.7-fold greater than that of Ado).[1]


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