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Primary structure of Paim I, an alpha-amylase inhibitor from Streptomyces corchorushii, determined by the combination of Edman degradation and fast atom bombardment mass spectrometry.

Paim I, a protein alpha-amylase inhibitor, inhibits animal alpha-amylases from pig, dog, cow, horse, etc. but has no activity against human salivary and pancreatic amylases. The primary structure of Paim I has been determined by Edman degradation and fast atom bombardment mass spectrometry (FABMS). This protein is a single-chain polypeptide of 73 amino acid residues with a calculated molecular weight from the sequence data of 7415.3 (monoisotopic molecular weight) and 7420.2 (average molecular weight). The sequencing strategy chosen for Paim I consists of four steps. First, the accurate molecular weights of the intact and tetra-S-carboxymethylated Paim I are determined by fast atom bombardment mass spectrometry. Second, the primary fragments generated by Staphylococcus aureus V8 protease are isolated by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. The molecular weights of these subpeptides are determined by FABMS. The peptides that must be sequenced are selected by the molecular weights of these subpeptides and the tetra-S-carboxymethylated Paim I. Third, these subpeptides and the whole protein are sequenced by automated Edman degradation. Finally, the primary structure of tetra-S-carboxymethylated Paim I is confirmed by the combination of tryptic, chymotryptic, and S. aureus V8 protease digestion and FABMS. The sequence of Paim I is compared with those of Haim II, Hoe-467A, Z-2685, and AI-3688 because they have different alpha-amylase inhibition spectra against mammalian alpha-amylases but belong to a family of related proteins.[1]

References

  1. Primary structure of Paim I, an alpha-amylase inhibitor from Streptomyces corchorushii, determined by the combination of Edman degradation and fast atom bombardment mass spectrometry. Hirayama, K., Takahashi, R., Akashi, S., Fukuhara, K., Oouchi, N., Murai, A., Arai, M., Murao, S., Tanaka, K., Nojima, I. Biochemistry (1987) [Pubmed]
 
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