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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Solubilization and functional reconstitution of the proline transport system of Escherichia coli.

The membrane carrier for L-proline (product of the putP gene) of Escherichia coli K12 was solubilized and functionally reconstituted with E. coli phospholipid by the cholate dilution method. The counterflow activity of the reconstituted system was studied by preloading the proteoliposomes with either L-proline or the proline analogues: L-azetidine-2-carboxylate or 3,4-dehydro-L-proline. The dilution of such preloaded proteoliposomes into a buffer containing [3H]proline resulted in the accumulation of this amino acid against a considerable concentration gradient. A second driving force for proline accumulation was an electrochemical potential difference for Na+ across the membrane. More than a 10-fold accumulation was seen with a sodium electrochemical gradient while no accumulation was found with proton motive force alone. The optimal pH for the L-proline carrier activities for both counterflow and sodium gradient-driven uptake was between pH 6.0 and 7. 0. The stoichiometry of the co-transport system was approximately one Na+ for one proline. The effect of different phospholipids on the proline transport activity of the reconstituted carrier was also studied. Both phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylglycerol stimulate the carrier activity while phosphatidylcholine and cardiolipin were almost inactive.[1]


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