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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Purification of a ciliary neurotrophic factor from bovine heart.

A neurotrophic factor that promotes the survival of cholinergic parasympathetic ciliary neurons has been purified approximately 20,000-fold from bovine cardiac tissue under nondenaturing conditions using heparin-affinity chromatography. Up to 22 micrograms of purified factor having a specific activity of 4 X 10(5) trophic units/mg can be obtained from 250 g of heart muscle. Sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS)-polyacrylamide gels of the purified material show a broad band that is sometimes resolvable into a closely spaced pair of bands of 22 and 23 kilodaltons. Partially purified factor can be resolved into two peaks of activity (pI 5.6 and 5.0) by high-resolution anion-exchange chromatography and chromatofocusing, although these procedures have not proved useful as purification methods because of the large losses of activity incurred. It is likely that these two peaks represent the two bands seen on SDS-polyacrylamide gels. The bovine cardiac factor(s) differs from similar factors purified from chick optic tissues and pig brain in that it is irreversibly denatured by SDS.[1]


  1. Purification of a ciliary neurotrophic factor from bovine heart. Watters, D.J., Hendry, I.A. J. Neurochem. (1987) [Pubmed]
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