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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Resolution, absolute configuration, and cholinergic enantioselectivity of (-)- and (+)-c-2-methyl-r-5-[(dimethylamino)methyl]-1,3-oxathiolane t-3-oxide methiodide and related sulfones.

As a continuation of previous studies on chiral cholinergic agonists carrying a 1,3-oxathiolane nucleus, the enantiomers of c-2-methyl-r-5-[(dimethylamino)methyl]-1,3-oxathiolane t-3-oxide methiodide ((+)- and (-)-1) and of cis-2-methyl-5-[(dimethylamino)methyl]-1,3-oxathiolane 3,3-dioxide ((+)- and (-)-2) were obtained and their absolute configurations established by synthesis. The cholinergic potency of the four isomers was evaluated in vitro on guinea pig ileum and frog rectus abdominis models, and the results show that (-)-1, which has the same absolute configuration as L-(+)-muscarine, is a selective and potent muscarinic agent. The (+)-1 enantiomer is some hundred times less potent than (-)-1 on the muscarinic guinea pig ileum while, on the same tissue, the corresponding sulfone derivatives ((+)- and (-)-2) show no enantioselectivity.[1]


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