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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Regulation of proteolytic enzyme activities and mRNA concentrations in rat pancreas by food content.

Regulation by food content of the expression of genes encoding pancreatic proteases was studied in rats fed diets containing 15%, 25% or 70% protein (w/w) (diet I, II and III). Trypsin, chymotrypsin and elastase activities in pancreas were 1.4, 2.8 and 2 times higher in diet III than in diet I whereas carboxypeptidase A level was unchanged. As compared to diet I, the pancreatic concentration of mRNAs encoding trypsinogen I and chymotrypsinogen B, measured by filter hybridization to specific cDNA probes, were found respectively 3.6 and 3.9 times higher in diet III, and 1.9 and 2.6 times higher in diet II. Elastase I mRNA concentration was 1.8 times higher in diet III, but unchanged in diet II. Procarboxypeptidase A mRNA concentration was not affected. It is concluded to a coordinate pre-translational regulation of serine protease genes expression by the protein content of diet, differing however in amplitude and sensitivity among the three species of enzymes studied.[1]


  1. Regulation of proteolytic enzyme activities and mRNA concentrations in rat pancreas by food content. Giorgi, D., Renaud, W., Bernard, J.P., Dagorn, J.C. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (1985) [Pubmed]
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