The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Specificity and neutralizing capacity of antibodies elicited by a synthetic peptide of scorpion toxin.

Polyclonal antibodies raised against a synthetic peptide (sequence 50-59) of Androctonus australis Hector toxin II can neutralize the effects of toxin II in vivo. The antigenic specificities of anti-peptide and anti-toxin antibodies were compared by competitive aqueous phase radioimmunoassay by using 125I-toxin II, chemically modified or homologous toxins, and the synthetic peptide 50-59, either free or bound to bovine serum albumin ( BSA). The antipeptide and anti-toxin antibodies had a comparable high affinity for the native toxin, but anti-peptide antibodies exhibited a lower binding capacity. Anti-peptide antibodies had a higher affinity for native toxin than for the peptide 50-59 bound to BSA, used as immunogen, and were unable to recognize the free peptide. These results suggest that it is necessary to restrict the conformational freedom of the immunizing peptide in order to obtain anti-peptide antibodies with a high affinity for the toxin. The lysine residue at position 58 of toxin II, essential for toxicity, appears to be immunogenic when immunization is with peptide 50-59 bound to BSA and not with the native toxin. This residue is antigenic in the native toxin, however, as shown by the anti-peptide antibodies.[1]


  1. Specificity and neutralizing capacity of antibodies elicited by a synthetic peptide of scorpion toxin. Bahraoui, E.M., Granier, C., Van Rietschoten, J., Rochat, H., el Ayeb, M. J. Immunol. (1986) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities