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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Sensitivity of cross-sectional echocardiography in detection of impaired global and regional left ventricular function: prospective study.

In order to establish the sensitivity and specificity of cross-sectional echocardiography for detection of global and regional left ventricular function a prospective study was performed in 80 patients suspected of having coronary artery disease. Twenty four hours before heart catheterization, cross-sectional echocardiograms were recorded in the apical RAO-equivalent view and high quality echocardiograms were obtained in 71/80 patients (89%). M-mode echocardiograms of the left ventricle could be performed in 56/71 patients (79%). Based on normal values sensitivity and specificity of cross-sectional echocardiography were calculated in comparison to cineventriculography. For fractional shortening (normal value greater than 25%) sensitivity measured 46% and specificity 93%, and when the E-point septal separation was measured (normal value less than 7 mm), sensitivity increased to 73% and specificity was 84%. For detection of increased end-diastolic volume (less than 155 ml) sensitivity reached 84% and specificity 98% and for increased end-systolic (less than 70 ml) volume it was 86 and 97%, respectively. A depressed left ventricular ejection fraction (greater than 49%) was found with a sensitivity of 93% and specificity of 100%. Regional left ventricular wall motion, analyzed by an area method, revealed for anterior wall motion a sensitivity of 68% and a specificity of 94%, whereas for posterior wall motion sensitivity reached 80% and specificity 96%. Regression equation between the number of pathological segments and left ventricular ejection fraction for cineventriculography was given by Y = -4.06 X + 73.4, r = 0.93 and for cross-sectional echocardiography by Y = -3.69 X + 62.6, r = 0.85. We conclude that cross-sectional echocardiography can be used as a screening method to detect impaired left ventricular function. It is superior to M-mode echocardiography. Reduced regional function of the posterior wall can be found with high sensitivity, but depressed motion of the anterior wall may be overlooked.[1]


  1. Sensitivity of cross-sectional echocardiography in detection of impaired global and regional left ventricular function: prospective study. Erbel, R., Schweizer, P., Meyer, J., Krebs, W., Yalkinoglu, O., Effert, S. International journal of cardiology. (1985) [Pubmed]
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