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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Role of calcium in cholinergic stimulation of lacrimal gland protein secretion.

To characterize the role of Ca2+ in cholinergic stimulation of lacrimal gland protein secretion, the effects of inhibitors of cellular Ca2+ handling on protein secretion were investigated. Protein secretion was measured from rat exorbital glands using either pieces of gland in perifusion or acini isolated by collagenase digestion. Peroxidase was used as a measure of protein secretion. An inhibitor of Ca2+ influx via voltage sensitive Ca2+ channels (verapamil) at 10(-5) and 5 X 10(-5) M did not alter protein secretion stimulated by the cholinergic agonist carbachol at 10(-5) M. Inhibition of Ca2+ efflux via Na+/Ca2+ exchange by removal of extracellular Na+ or by inhibition of Na+-K+-ATPase activity using ouabain (10(-3) M) or extracellular K+ removal did not stimulate protein secretion. In contrast, inhibition of Ca2+ release from intracellular stores with TMB-8 at 100 micron completely blocked protein secretion stimulated by carbachol at 10(-5) M. Similarly, the Ca2+/calmodulin (CaM) antagonists W-13 and W-12 decreased carbachol-induced protein secretion with potencies similar to those which inhibit Ca2+/CaM dependent processes. We conclude that cholinergic agonists stimulate lacrimal gland protein secretion primarily by mobilizing Ca2+ from intracellular stores and that one mechanism by which this Ca2+ could activate secretion is in conjunction with calmodulin.[1]


  1. Role of calcium in cholinergic stimulation of lacrimal gland protein secretion. Dartt, D.A., Rose, P.E., Joshi, V.M., Donowitz, M., Sharp, G.W. Curr. Eye Res. (1985) [Pubmed]
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