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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Extractive acylation and mass spectrometric assay of 3-methoxytyramine, normetanephrine, and metanephrine in cerebrospinal fluid.

The chemical analysis of 3-methoxytyramine, normetanephrine, and metanephrine in tissues, blood, and cerebrospinal fluid is complicated by the low levels in which they occur and the amphoteric nature of the functional groups, which hampers their isolation from aqueous media. In the present report, we describe a practical and simple method for the routine isolation and derivatization of 3-methoxytyramine, normetanephrine, and metanephrine in high yield from aqueous samples like cerebrospinal fluid. The metabolites are simultaneously derivatized with pentafluoropropionic anhydride and extracted into an organic solvent. After further treatment with pentafluoropropionic anhydride under anhydrous conditions, the samples are ready for GC/MS analysis. The method is able to exploit the theoretical maximal sensitivity available in the electron capture negative-ion chemical ionization mode without any apparent losses during extraction and derivatization, giving limits of detection in the low picogram range. Mean levels of free 3-methoxytyramine, normetanephrine, and metanephrine in human cerebrospinal fluid were 3.77, 5.20, and 0.40 pmol/ml. Assay of pools of squirrel monkey, human, and canine cerebrospinal fluid with and without previous enzymatic hydrolysis demonstrated that the three metabolites occur predominantly in a conjugated form.[1]


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