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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Comparison of the effect of 4-hydroxy-4-androstene-3,17-dione on aromatase activity in granulosa cells from preovulatory follicles of rats, rabbits, and humans.

The effect of the aromatase inhibitor 4-hydroxy-4-androstene-3,17-dione (4-OH-A) on the synthesis of estradiol (1,3,5 (10)-estratriene-3,17 beta-diol) by granulosa cells from preovulatory follicles of rats, rabbits and humans was examined. Granulosa cells from all three species were incubated for 4 h without treatment (control) or in the presence of androstenedione (4-androstene-3,17-dione, 0.5 microM), 4-OH-A (5 microM), or both compounds together. Estradiol levels were determined in the medium and cells by radioimmunoassay. In all three species, estradiol synthesis was markedly increased by androstenedione and this increase was blocked by 4-OH-A. In the rabbit, however, 4-OH-A alone caused a small but significant increase in radioimmunoassayable estradiol. The apparent increase seen with 4-OH-A alone may be due to a metabolite of 4-OH-A that cross-reacts in the estradiol radioimmunoassay. With granulosa cells from humans, in which 4-OH-A is of potential therapeutic importance, no similar effect of 4-OH-A alone was observed.[1]


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