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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Two new septate junctions in the phylum Coelenterata.

Freeze-fracture of fixed and unfixed tissue, lanthanum tracer and conventional thin-section studies have revealed 2 new types of septate junction in the class Anthozoa, phylum Coelenterata. These new junctions have the 15-18-nm intercellular spacing of all other described septate junctions and are found around the apical circumference of cells lining a lumen or outside edge. However, in freeze-fracture replicas and tangential views of lanthanum-impregnated tissue, they are seen to be quite different from other known septate junction types. One of the new junctions is found in endothelial tissue such as that lining the gut or the inside of the tentacles. In tangential view it is seen to consist of relatively short, straight, double septa, again with lateral projections. In feeeze-fracture of unfixed tissue, the junction consists of double rows of particles on the P face, the particles of one row being rounded, those of the other being elongated at right angles to the line of the septum. This dichotomy in particle size is unexpected, as the 2 halves of the septa as seen in tangential view are symmetrical. In freeze-fracture of fixed material the particle arrays remain on the P face and appear similar to those of unfixed material, but never as clear. In fixed tissue, some distortion had occurred and in extreme cases septa appear as a single broad jumbled row of particles. In this double septa junction, the rows of particles seen in freeze-fracture are occasionally seen to anastomose with a septum dividing into 2 and a third row of particles aligning with the 2 new septa to form their double particle rows. In both fixed and unfixed tissues, the E face of the junction consists of wide, shallow grooves. The second of the new junctions occurs in epithelial tissue, such as around the outer edge of sea-anemone tentacles, and consists of long wavy septa with lateral projections. In views where these projections appear longest, they arise predominantly from one side of the septa. In freeze-fracture of both fixed and unfixed tissue, this junction appears as rows of closely spaced particles on the P face. Occasionally rows of particles are seen on the E face, but usually this face is characterized by shallow grooves. In some aspects these 2 new junctions have features in common with the Hydra type junction also found in the Coelenterata. In all 3 types septa are relatively straight, rather than pleated, and there are lateral projections on the septa.[1]


  1. Two new septate junctions in the phylum Coelenterata. Green, C.R., Flower, N.E. J. Cell. Sci. (1980) [Pubmed]
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