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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Reactions of purified hog thyroid peroxidase with H2O2, tyrosine, and methylmercaptoimidazole (goitrogen) in comparison with bovine lactoperoxidase.

Stopped flow experiments were carried out with purified hog thyroid peroxidase (A413 nm/A280 nm = 0.42). It reacted with H2O2 to form Compound I with a rate constant of 7.8 X 10(6) M-1 s-1. Compound I was reduced to Compound II by endogeneous donor with a half-life of 0.36 s. Compound I was reduced by tyrosine directly to the ferric enzyme with a rate constant of 7.5 X 10(4) M-1 s-1. Tyrosine could also reduce Compound II to the ferric enzyme with a rate constant of 4.3 X 10(2) M-1 s-1. Methylmercaptoimidazole accelerated the conversion of Compound I to Compound II and reacted with Compound II to form an inactivated form, which was discernible spectrophotometrically. The reactions of thyroid peroxidase with methylmercaptoimidazole quite resembled those of lactoperoxidase, but occurred at higher speeds. The absorption spectra of thyroid peroxidase were similar to those of lactoperoxidase and intestinal peroxidase, but obviously different from those of metmyoglobin, horseradish peroxidase, and chloroperoxidase. Similarity and dissimilarity between thyroid peroxidase and lactoperoxidase are discussed.[1]


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