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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of pH, temperature, and calcium concentration on the stoichiometry of the calcium pump of sarcoplasmic reticulum.

Coupling of Ca2+ transport to ATP hydrolysis by isolated skeletal muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum vesicles has been investigated by means of ATP pulse methods. The stoichiometric amounts of Ca2+ transported per pulse of ATP were measured by Ca2+-stat methods, using either a Ca2+ electrode or arsenazo III as end point detectors, or by means of 45CaCl2. Maximum coupling ratios (Ca2+/ATP), of 1.82 +/- 0.13 occurred at pH 6.8, 25 degrees C, and in the presence of saturating Ca2+ concentrations. Ca2+/ATP values decreased at alkaline pH, with an apparent pK alpha of 7. 9. The coupling ratio was unaltered between 6 and 30 degrees C, but decreased to 0.4 at 42 degrees C. Uncoupling by alkaline pH and high temperatures was reversible. The coupling process was Ca2+-dependent, with a K0.5 value for Ca2+ of 0.12 microM and a Hill coefficient of 2. 0. Ca2+ ions, which were transported into vesicles under conditions resulting in low coupling ratios, were retained as the calcium oxalate precipitate, following complete hydrolysis of substrate. Passive Ca2+ efflux and Ca2+ exchange, were independent of pH. The observed variations in Ca2+/ATP ratio cannot readily be explained on the basis of a pump-leak model. Rather, the Ca2+-ATPase appears to be capable of pumping Ca2+ ions, under physiological conditions, with variable stoichiometry that is dependent upon its thermodynamic loading.[1]


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