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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of oxygen on the antagonism of cyanide intoxication: cytochrome oxidase, in vitro.

Since oxygen was reported to be an effective cyanide antagonist in vivo, particularly in the presence of the classic antidotal combination of sodium nitrite and sodium thiosulfate, in vitro studies were initiated in an attempt to investigate the mechanism of oxygen-mediated cyanide antagonism. The effect of oxygen on cyanide-inhibited cytochrome oxidase with and without cyanide antagonist(s) was investigated in a purified membraneous enzyme system prepared from rat liver mitochondria. Cyanide produced a concentration dependent inhibition of cytochrome oxidase, and 100% oxygen did not alter the inhibition produced by KCN either in the presence or absence of sodium thiosulfate. However, the addition of sodium thiosulfate and rhodanese to the assay reactivated the cyanide-inhibited cytochrome oxidase. Kinetic analysis indicated rhodanese competes with cytochrome oxidase for cyanide, and oxygen had no effect on this coupled reaction. In conclusion, the in vivo antidotal properties of oxygen cannot be attributed to oxygen-mediated reactivation of cyanide-inhibited cytochrome oxidase or an oxygen-mediated acceleration of rhodanese detoxification.[1]


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