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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Endo-beta-D-galactosidases of Bacteroides fragilis and Escherichia freundii hydrolyze linear but not branched oligosaccharide domains of glycolipids of the neolacto series.

The specificities of the endo-beta-galactosidases of Bacteroides fragilis and Escherichia freundii towards linear and branched oligosaccharides of the lacto-N-glycosyl series were investigated using as substrates glycolipids containing (a) linear neolactotetra - or hexaosyl sequences, (b) branched biantennary neolactooctaosyl sequences, and (c) triantennary neolactononaor dodecaglycosyl sequences. Glycolipid and oligosaccharide hydrolysis products were identified by tlc and/or paper chromatography. The rate of hydrolysis was assessed in time course experiments in which the oligosaccharides released were quantified as 3H-labeled alditols. The salient observations were as follows. (i) With the substrates thus far tested in the present and a previous study ( Scudder , P., Uemura , K., Dolby , J., Fukuda, M.N., and Feizi , T. (1983) Biochem. J. 213, 485-494), the endo-beta-galactosidases from B. fragilis and E. freudii have indistinguishable specificities. (ii) The beta-galactosidic linkage of the branch point sequence (Formula: see text) is completely resistant to hydrolysis by these enzymes, although the unbranched sequence GlcNAc beta 1-3Gal beta 1-4GlcNAc/Glc is readily cleaved. (iii) At an optimal concentration of detergent, the endo-beta-galactosidase susceptibility of the GlcNAc beta 1-3Gal beta 1-4Glc sequence near the ceramide moiety of branched glycolipids is similar to that of the corresponding sequence in linear glycolipids.[1]


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