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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

High-dose-rate afterloading brachytherapy in carcinoma of the uterine cervix.

The Brachytron has been used in the University of California at San Diego Medical Center since 1970 as one method of treating gynecological malignancies. This machine contains a high intensity cobalt 60 remote afterloading cycling source used for intracavitary brachytherapy. One hundred twenty-seven patients with epithelial carcinoma of the cervix are available for analysis of 5-year survival, and 176 are analyzed for treatment complications two years following therapy. Five year survival figures for FIGO-staged patients treated with external beam pelvic irradiation and intracavitary Brachytron treatments are as follows: Stage I, 89%; Stage II, 58%; Stage III, 33%, and two of five patients Stage IVa. Rectal complications graded moderate or severe (M, S) were dose-related and gradually decreased over the years as techniques improved. Complications from early results in 1970-1972 (24% M, 10% S) were reduced to lower levels in 1976-1979 (14% M, 4% S). The Brachytron offers the advantage of rapid dose delivery. Thus, patients can be treated in an outpatient setting, avoiding the cost of hospitalization and the risks of anesthesia. The Brachytron also offers virtually complete radiation safety to all attending medical personnel. With survival and complication figures similar to those reported for patients treated with conventional low-dose-rate brachytherapy, the Brachytron represents an effective alternate mode of therapy for uterine carcinoma.[1]


  1. High-dose-rate afterloading brachytherapy in carcinoma of the uterine cervix. Utley, J.F., von Essen, C.F., Horn, R.A., Moeller, J.H. Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys. (1984) [Pubmed]
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