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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Immune responses and immunoregulation in relation to human schistosomiasis in Egypt. II. Cimetidine reversal of histamine-mediated suppression of antigen-induced blastogenesis.

The effect of histamine on cell-mediated immune responses of chronic schistosomiasis patients was tested by peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMN) reactions to phytohemagglutinin-P (PHA) and soluble schistosomal antigenic preparations derived from eggs (SEA) or adult worms (SWAP). PBMN responses to PHA were suppressed by exogenous histamine (10(-5)M), and the addition of cimetidine (CIM) (10(-4)M), an H2-receptor antagonist, reversed this suppressive effect. Histamine primarily suppressed PBMN responses to suboptimal and optimal PHA concentrations. Exogenous histamine (10(-5)M) also suppressed PBMN responses of 27 schistosomiasis patients to SEA and SWAP, respectively. The addition of CIM (10(-4)M) to suppressed cultures reversed the effect of exogenous histamine. Most importantly, the addition of CIM to schistosomal antigen-induced cultures, without exogenous histamine, significantly increased patients' PBMN responses to SEA and SWAP. The mean optimal increase in SEA responses of 19 patients was 390%. With SWAP-induced responses of 21 patients this increase was 165%. The use of 10(-4)M diphenhydramine (DPH), an H1-receptor antagonist, resulted in general suppression of both PHA-induced and schistosomal antigen-induced PBMN responses. Lower concentrations of DPH lead to variable responses but did not result in consistent abrogation of the histamine-induced suppression. These data imply that an histamine-induced, H2-receptor-mediated suppressor circuit often helps modulate antigen-specific responsiveness of PBMN from patients with chronic schistosomiasis.[1]


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