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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Purine nucleoside phosphorylase (PNP) and adenosine deaminase (ADA) activities examined cytochemically in unfixed lymphocytes of patients with lymphoproliferative disorders.

New techniques have been devised for the cytochemical demonstration of purine nucleoside phosphorylase (PNP) and adenosine deaminase (ADA) activities in unfixed human lymphocytes. A suspension of living lymphocytes is mixed with agarose sol containing the reagents for the detection of PNP or ADA activity on a glass slide. The mixture solidifies, is incubated, and then dried for lightmicroscopic observation. Reactive cells are recognized by the diffusely deposited granules of formazan, the end-product of the cytochemical reaction, and are divided into three groups of the cell with the low, middle, and high enzyme activity by the number of the granule. In healthy adults, the mean percentages of PNP- and ADA-positive cells were more than 90% in unfractionated lymphocytes, T-cell fractions, and complement-receptor cell fractions and cells with middle PNP and ADA activities were predominant. The PNP and ADA staining was observed in lymphoid cells of patients with lymphoproliferative disorders. A decrease in the percentage of PNP-positive cells concomitant with a relative increase of cells with the low enzyme activity was observed in the lymphocytes of nine patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Similar findings were obtained in the ADA staining of the lymphocytes of five patients with B-cell CLL.[1]


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