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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Sister chromatid exchanges in Chinese hamster V79 cells treated with the trivalent chromium compounds chromic chloride and chromic oxide.

The induction of sister chromatid exchanges (SCEs) in Chinese hamster V79 cells exposed to soluble CrCl3 and insoluble Cr2O3, compounds of trivalent chromium (Cr3+), was determined. Their ability to induce SCEs was compared with those of three hexavalent chromium (Cr6+) compounds: K2CrO4, Na2CrO4 and Na2Cr2O7. Both the delay in progression through the cell cycle induced by Cr3+ compounds and the SCE frequencies in the delayed cells were also evaluated. The exposure for 28 h to CrCl3 and Cr2O3 at concentrations of 9.7-39 micrograms and of 34-136 micrograms of Cr3+ per ml, respectively, induced a statistically significant (p less than 0.001) dose-dependent increase in SCEs up to 1.9-fold (CrCl3) and 4-fold (Cr2O3) over control levels. Compared with the effective concentrations of Cr6+ compounds, which produced up to 4-fold increase of SCEs, inducing concentrations of CrCl3 and Cr2O3 were 300- and 1000-fold higher in terms of chromium. By prolongation of treatment time up to 48 h, a progressive dose- and time-related enhancement in SCE frequencies induced by Cr3+ compounds in delayed cells was observed. Lower concentrations of Cr2O3, without effect after 28 h of treatment, induced an increase of SCEs by prolongation of exposure time.[1]


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