The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
Chemical Compound Review

Chromia     oxo-(oxochromiooxy)chromium

Synonyms: Eskolaite, C-Grun, OKhP1, AC1LAOBQ, Kromex U 1, ...
Welcome! If you are familiar with the subject of this article, you can contribute to this open access knowledge base by deleting incorrect information, restructuring or completely rewriting any text. Read more.

Disease relevance of Chromic oxide pigment

  • The results of this study indicate significant differences in toxicity to the respiratory tract between trivalent chromium compounds chromic oxide and basic chromium sulfate [1].
  • Chromic oxide caused pathological changes in the bronchial and mediastinal lymphatic tissue and lungs, consisting of the presence of pigment-laden macrophages, lymphoid and septal hyperplasia, and interstitial inflammation similar to that observed with other inert dusts [1].
  • Studies on thermal dehydration of hydrated chromic oxide [2].
  • Grazing feed intake was estimated by fecal output (chromic oxide method)/l-diet digestibility and to measure non-specific response, Brucella antibodies were detected at 11 and 40 days post-vaccination in early winter [3].

High impact information on Chromic oxide pigment


Biological context of Chromic oxide pigment

  • Intestinal contents were analysed for worm burdens, worm location and female worm fecundity along with the concentration of insoluble (chromic oxide) and soluble (polyethylene glycol-4000) markers, lignin, non-starch polysaccharides (NSP) and organic acids [7].
  • A NOAEL was not established for either test material, but 4.4 mg/m3 was thought to be near the NOAEL level for subchronic exposure to chromic oxide [1].
  • As a first step in developing marker methods for field use, a chromic oxide model of fecal kinetics was developed and tested in the context of a digestion balance experiment with stall-fed horses [8].
  • Asbestos compared with six classical "insoluble" facilitators (bentonite, calcium phosphate, chromic oxide, ferric oxide, kaolin, talc) was of intermediate rank in transfection mediation [9].

Anatomical context of Chromic oxide pigment


Associations of Chromic oxide pigment with other chemical compounds

  • Ash from samples oxidized by perchloric acid and quantified by DPC colorimetry gave a better measure of actual chromic oxide content as compared to the other methods tested [15].
  • Vitamin A, 240,000 I.U., was predissolved in 11.7 g of safflower or coconut oil and bolused directly into the rumen of mature wethers along with 4 g of chromic oxide [16].
  • Tungstic acid precipitable N and nonprecipitable N were measured in feed, rumen and feces of cows fed complete diets, and changes in ratios of these components to chromic oxide were used to estimate net changes in true protein from feed to rumen to feces [17].
  • Sulphamonomethoxine (SMM) or sulphadimethoxine (SDM) were fed each to four laying hens at a dietary content of 400 p.p.m. 1000 p.p.m. of chromic oxide were supplemented to the experimental diets as an indicator for the absorbability in the gastrointestinal tract [18].

Gene context of Chromic oxide pigment

  • Controlled-release chromic oxide boluses were used as an external marker to estimate fecal output, and acid insoluble ash was used as an internal marker to predict OM digestibility (OMD) [19].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Chromic oxide pigment


  1. Thirteen-week subchronic rat inhalation toxicity study with a recovery phase of trivalent chromium compounds, chromic oxide, and basic chromium sulfate. Derelanko, M.J., Rinehart, W.E., Hilaski, R.J., Thompson, R.B., Löser, E. Toxicol. Sci. (1999) [Pubmed]
  2. Studies on thermal dehydration of hydrated chromic oxide. Yao, Z.M., Li, Z.H., Zhang, Y. Journal of colloid and interface science. (2003) [Pubmed]
  3. Physiological and parasitological responses to nematode infections of fattening cattle in the Western Pampas of Argentina. Suarez, V.H., Lorenzo, R.M., Busetti, M.R., Santucho, G.M. Vet. Parasitol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  4. Sterol absorption and sterol balance in phytosterolemia evaluated by deuterium-labeled sterols: effect of sitostanol treatment. Lütjohann, D., Björkhem, I., Beil, U.F., von Bergmann, K. J. Lipid Res. (1995) [Pubmed]
  5. Dietary chromic oxide does not affect the utilization of organic compounds but can alter the utilization of mineral salts in gilthead sea bream Sparus aurata. Fernandez, F., Miquel, A.G., Martinez, R., Serra, E., Guinea, J., Narbaiza, F.J., Caseras, A., Baanante, I.V. J. Nutr. (1999) [Pubmed]
  6. Chromic oxide inclusion in the diet does not affect glucose utilization or chromium retention by channel catfish, Ictalurus punctatus. Ng, W.K., Wilson, R.P. J. Nutr. (1997) [Pubmed]
  7. The impact of diets varying in carbohydrates resistant to endogenous enzymes and lignin on populations of Ascaris suum and Oesophagostomum dentatum in pigs. Petkevicius, S., Knudsen, K.E., Nansen, P., Roepstorff, A., Skjøth, F., Jensen, K. Parasitology (1997) [Pubmed]
  8. Calculation of fecal kinetics in horses fed hay or hay and concentrate. Holland, J.L., Kronfeld, D.S., Sklan, D., Harris, P.A. J. Anim. Sci. (1998) [Pubmed]
  9. Asbestos-mediated transfection of mammalian cell cultures. Dubes, G.R., Mack, L.R. In Vitro Cell. Dev. Biol. (1988) [Pubmed]
  10. Dietary fiber viscosity and endogenous protein excretion at the terminal ileum of growing rats. Larsen, F.M., Moughan, P.J., Wilson, M.N. J. Nutr. (1993) [Pubmed]
  11. Measurements over 5 d of the flow of dry matter and of chromic oxide at the duodenum of cattle [proceedings]. Sutton, J.D., Youssef, F.G., Oldham, J.D. The Proceedings of the Nutrition Society. (1976) [Pubmed]
  12. Site of magnesium and other macromineral absorption in steers fed high levels of potassium. Greene, L.W., Fontenot, J.P., Webb, K.E. J. Anim. Sci. (1983) [Pubmed]
  13. The effects of intraruminal infusions of urea, casein, glucose syrup and a mixture of casein and glucose syrup on nitrogen digestion in the rumen of cattle receiving grass-silage diets. Rooke, J.A., Lee, N.H., Armstrong, D.G. Br. J. Nutr. (1987) [Pubmed]
  14. Influence of the amount of dietary fiber on the available energy from hindgut fermentation in growing pigs: use of cannulated pigs and in vitro fermentation. Anguita, M., Canibe, N., Pérez, J.F., Jensen, B.B. J. Anim. Sci. (2006) [Pubmed]
  15. Note on the methods for determination of chromic oxide in shrimp feeds. Divakaran, S., Obaldo, L.G., Forster, I.P. J. Agric. Food Chem. (2002) [Pubmed]
  16. Coconut oil as a protective carrier of dietary vitamin A fed to ruminants. Fichter, S.A., Mitchell, G.E. International journal for vitamin and nutrition research. Internationale Zeitschrift für Vitamin- und Ernährungsforschung. Journal international de vitaminologie et de nutrition. (1997) [Pubmed]
  17. Rumen and fecal tungstic acid precipitable nitrogen and total amino nitrogen in cows fed complete diets. Zometa, C.A., Van Horn, H.H., Wilcox, C.J., Bachman, K.C., Randel, P.F. J. Anim. Sci. (1982) [Pubmed]
  18. Absorbability of sulphamonomethoxine and sulphadimethoxine administered via food of laying hens. Furusawa, N. Zentralblatt für Veterinärmedizin. Reihe A. (1998) [Pubmed]
  19. Effect of methionine addition to a urea-grain supplement on intake and digestibility of mature, dormant grasses and performance of cows grazing winter range. Momont, P.A., Pruitt, R.J., Johnson, P.S. J. Anim. Sci. (1993) [Pubmed]
  20. Effect of protein source and fumaric acid supplementation on apparent ileal digestibility of nutrients by young pigs. Giesting, D.W., Easter, R.A. J. Anim. Sci. (1991) [Pubmed]
  21. Use of microwave digestion and atomic absorption spectrophotometry to determine chromic oxide as a digestibility marker in feed, feces, and ileal content. García-Rico, L., Ramos Ruiz, R.E., Gutiérrez Coronado, L. Journal of AOAC International. (1999) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities