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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Left ventricular function in cyanotic congenital heart disease.

Left ventricular function was studied with quantitative biplane cineangiocardiography in 39 preoperative and 23 postoperative patients with cyanotic congenital heart disease. Diagnoses included pulmonary atresia or critical pulmonary stenosis with intact ventricular septum (group 1), tricuspid atresia (group 2) and pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect (group 3). Preoperative patients ranged in age from 1 day to 7 years and postoperative patients from 7 weeks to 23 years. Left ventricular end-diastolic volume was increased in preoperative patients in groups 1 and 2 (132 and 136 percent of normal, respectively) but was normal in patients in group 3. Left ventricular ejection fraction was decreased to a similar extent in preoperative groups 1 to 3: 0.54, 0.55 and 0.56, respectively. After a shunt procedure left ventricular end-diastolic volume increased to 228 and 266 percent of normal in groups 1 and 2, respectively, but remained within normal limits in group 3. Left ventricular ejection fraction was normal in postoperative group 1 patients, whose ages averaged 1.8 years, but remained decreased in group 2 and 3 patients, whose ages averaged 8.1 and 5.6 years, respectively. Duration of cyanosis and degree of left ventricular dilatation appear to be important variables in regard to pump function in patients with cyanotic congenital heart disease.[1]


  1. Left ventricular function in cyanotic congenital heart disease. Graham, T.P., Erath, H.G., Boucek, R.J., Boerth, R.C. Am. J. Cardiol. (1980) [Pubmed]
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