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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Kinetic studies of isopeptidase T: modulation of peptidase activity by ubiquitin.

We have investigated the specificity of isopeptidase T toward peptide-AMC substrates based on the C-termini of ubiquitin. The substrates investigated were Z-Gly-Gly-AMC, Z-Arg-Gly-Gly-AMC, Z-Leu-Arg-Gly-Gly-AMC, and Z-Arg-Leu-Arg-Gly-Gly-AMC and were hydrolyzed by isopeptidase T with kc/Km values of < 0.1, 1, 18, and 95 M-1 s-1, respectively. In the course of these experiments, we observed that the hydrolytic activity of isopeptidase T toward these substrates is modulated by ubiquitin in a biphasic fashion. While submicromolar concentrations of ubiquitin activate isopeptidase T, higher concentrations are inhibitory. In the activation phase, the extent of stimulation of kc/Km varies with substrate and is 8-, 50-, and 70-fold for Z-Arg-Gly-Gly-AMC, Z-Leu-Arg-Gly-Gly-AMC, and Z-Arg-Leu-Arg-Gly-Gly-AMC, respectively. Kd for ubiquitin in this phase is, of course, independent of substrate and equals 0.10 +/- 0.03 microM. At higher concentrations, ubiquitin is inhibitory and titrates kc/Km with an average Ki value of 3.0 +/- 1.3 microM for all three substrates. To explain these observations, we propose a structural model for isopeptidase T that involves two binding sites for ubiquitin. We propose that the two sites are adjacent to one another and are the extended active site that binds two ubiquitin moieties of a polyubiquitin chain for isopeptide bond hydrolysis.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


  1. Kinetic studies of isopeptidase T: modulation of peptidase activity by ubiquitin. Stein, R.L., Chen, Z., Melandri, F. Biochemistry (1995) [Pubmed]
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