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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Localization of messenger ribonucleic acids for insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), IGF-II, and the type 1 IGF receptor in the ovine ovary throughout the estrous cycle.

The distribution pattern of messenger RNAs (mRNAs) for insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), IGF-II, and the type 1 IGF receptor and the detection of IGF-binding sites in sections of ovine ovary were demonstrated using in situ hybridization and autoradiography. Ovaries were collected from 30 ewes at time points throughout the estrous cycle. Luteal IGF-II mRNA and IGF-binding site concentrations altered significantly during the cycle, peaking on day 8 (midluteal phase; P < 0.01) and day 15 (late luteal phase; P < 0.001), respectively. In contrast, mRNA expression for IGF-I and the type 1 IGF receptor in the corpus luteum was low and did not vary. IGF-binding sites and mRNAs for IGF-II and the type 1 IGF receptor were also present at low and constant concentrations in ovarian stroma. There was no detectable follicular expression of IGF-I mRNA, although there were high concentrations of IGF-II and the type 1 IGF receptor mRNAs, which both varied significantly with follicular size (P < 0.001 and 0.01, respectively), with the highest concentrations in small follicles (< 2 mm in diameter). Follicular IGF-II expression was confined to the theca, whereas the type 1 IGF receptor was present in both theca and granulosa. IGF-binding site concentrations were significantly higher (P < 0.01) in atretic than healthy follicles, but were uninfluenced by follicular size. These results suggest that IGF-II, in contrast to IGF-I, appears to be the most significant IGF in luteal and, particularly, follicular development in the ewe.[1]


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