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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Structure-based design of novel HIV protease inhibitors: carboxamide-containing 4-hydroxycoumarins and 4-hydroxy-2-pyrones as potent nonpeptidic inhibitors.

The low oral bioavailability and rapid biliary excretion of peptide-derived HIV protease inhibitors have limited their utility as potential therapeutic agents. Our broad screening program to discover nonpeptidic HIV protease inhibitors had previously identified compound II (phenprocoumon, K(i) = 1 muM) as a lead template. Crystal structures of HIV protease complexes containing the peptide-derived inhibitor I (1-(naphthoxyacetyl)-L-histidyl-5(S)-amino-6-cyclohexyl-3 (R),4(R)-dihydroxy-2(R)-isopropylhexanoyl-L-isoleucine N-(2-pyridylmethyl)amide) and nonpeptidic inhibitors, such as phenprocoumon (compound II), provided a rational basis for the structure-based design of more active analogues. This investigation reports on the important finding of a carboxamide functionally appropriately added to the 4-hydroxycoumarin and the 4-hydroxy-2-pyrone templates which resulted in a new promising series of nonpeptidic HIV protease inhibitors with improved enzyme-binding affinity. The most active diastereomer of the carboxamide-containing compound XXIV inhibited HIV-1 protease with a K(i) value of 0.0014 muM. This research provides a new design direction for the discovery of more potent HIV protease inhibitors as potential therapeutic agents for the treatment of HIV infection.[1]

References

  1. Structure-based design of novel HIV protease inhibitors: carboxamide-containing 4-hydroxycoumarins and 4-hydroxy-2-pyrones as potent nonpeptidic inhibitors. Thaisrivongs, S., Watenpaugh, K.D., Howe, W.J., Tomich, P.K., Dolak, L.A., Chong, K.T., Tomich, C.C., Tomasselli, A.G., Turner, S.R., Strohbach, J.W. J. Med. Chem. (1995) [Pubmed]
 
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