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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Resistance to activated protein C: evaluation of three functional assays.

Resistance to Activated Protein C (APC) was evaluated using 3 different methods: two of them were based on the prolongation of the Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time (APTT) using 2 different APTT reagents in the presence of APC, whereas the third method was based on the prolongation of prothrombin time when APC is added. The three methods were significantly correlated. APTT-based assays were sensitive to factor XII deficiency, whereas thromboplastin-based assay was sensitive to factor VII deficiency (< 0.5 UI/ml), which surestimates the response to APC. In contrast, an increase in factor VIII (F. VIII) level is associated with a decreased response to APC, when APTT-based assays are used, whereas thromboplastin-based assay is unmodified. During pregnancy, a decreased response to APC is observed, which is not only due to the increase in F. VIII, since thromboplastin-based assay is also modified. In Protein S (PS) immuno-depleted plasma, the low response to APC is corrected by addition of free PS: the thromboplastin-based assay was the most sensitive one to PS deficiency. However, in patients with congenital PS deficiency, there was no correlation between APC-resistance and free PS level. In patients with lupus anticoagulant, discrepancies were observed between the 3 methods, but with a high frequency of low response to APC. For the 3 assays, there was a good differentiation and correlation between normal and pathological results, the thromboplastin-based assay being perhaps the most discriminating. However, 3 unrelated thrombophilic patients showed normal results using thromboplastin-based assay, although they were APC-resistant using APTT-based assays. For 2 patients, this discrepancy can be explained by high levels of F. VIII. For the last patient, an abnormal F. VIII, resistant to APC can be suspected.[1]


  1. Resistance to activated protein C: evaluation of three functional assays. Vasse, M., Leduc, O., Borg, J.Y., Chrétien, M.H., Monconduit, M. Thromb. Res. (1994) [Pubmed]
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