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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Mechanism of action of dexniguldipine-HCl (B8509-035), a new potent modulator of multidrug resistance.

It has previously been shown that dexniguldipine-HCl (B8509-035) is a potent chemosensitizer in multidrug resistant cells [Hofmann et al., J Cancer Res Clin Oncol 118: 361-366, 1992]. It is shown here that dexniguldipine-HCl causes a dose-dependent reduction of the labeling of the P-glycoprotein by azidopine, indicating a competition of dexniguldipine-HCl with the photoaffinity label for the multidrug resistance gene 1 ( MDR-1) product. Exposure to dexniguldipine-HCl results in a dose-dependent accumulation of rhodamine 123 in MDR-1 overexpressing cells. In the presence of 1 microM dexniguldipine-HCl, rhodamine 123 accumulated in multidrug resistant cells to similar levels as in the sensitive parental cell lines. At this concentration, dexniguldipine-HCl enhances the cytotoxicities of Adriamycin and vincristine. The resistance modulating factors (RMF), i.e. IC50 drug/IC50 drug + modulator, were found to be proportional to the expression of MDR-1, ranging from 8 to 42 for Adriamycin and from 16 to 63 for vincristine. Transfection with the MDR-1 gene was found to be sufficient to sensitize cells to the modulation by dexniguldipine-HCl. The compound does not affect the expression of the MDR-1 gene. Dexniguldipine-HCl has no effect on a multidrug resistant phenotype caused by a mutation of topoisomerase II. It is concluded that dexniguldipine-HCl modulates multidrug resistance by direct interaction with the P-glycoprotein.[1]


  1. Mechanism of action of dexniguldipine-HCl (B8509-035), a new potent modulator of multidrug resistance. Hofmann, J., Gekeler, V., Ise, W., Noller, A., Mitterdorfer, J., Hofer, S., Utz, I., Gotwald, M., Boer, R., Glossmann, H. Biochem. Pharmacol. (1995) [Pubmed]
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