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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Inhibition of lung calcium-independent phospholipase A2 by surfactant protein A.

The effect of lung surfactant protein A (SP-A) on lung phospholipase A2 (PLA2) activity was investigated. SP-A was purified from bovine surfactant obtained by lung lavage. PLA2 was assayed using radiolabeled 1,2-dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine (DPPC) in surfactant-like unilamellar liposomes with Ca(2+)-free acidic (pH 4) or 10 mM Ca2+, alkaline (pH 8.5) buffer. SP-A significantly inhibited Ca(2+)-independent acidic PLA2 of rat lung homogenate or isolated lamellar bodies but had no effect on the Ca(2+)-dependent alkaline enzyme. Lamellar body PLA2 was inhibited by 50% with 0.25 micrograms SP-A/microgram lamellar body protein. Similar inhibition by SP-A was observed when 1-palmitoyl,2-oleoyl PC (POPC) was the substrate. Binding assay showed binding of 125I-labeled SP-A to DPPC but not to POPC, indicating that removal of substrate was not the mechanism for inhibition of the enzyme by SP-A. Chemical reduction or alkylation of SP-A abolished its inhibitory effect on PLA2 activity. Inactivation of endogenous SP-A in isolated lamellar bodies or surfactant increased Ca(2+)-independent PLA2 activity in these fractions. The presence of SP-A in liposomes stimulated the uptake of DPPC by isolated granular pneumocytes in primary culture but significantly inhibited its degradation. These results indicate that the Ca(2+)-independent acidic PLA2 has a role in the metabolism of internalized surfactant phospholipid and that SP-A can modulate the activity of this enzyme.[1]


  1. Inhibition of lung calcium-independent phospholipase A2 by surfactant protein A. Fisher, A.B., Dodia, C., Chander, A. Am. J. Physiol. (1994) [Pubmed]
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