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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Unusual helix-containing greek keys in development-specific Ca(2+)-binding protein S. 1H, 15N, and 13C assignments and secondary structure determined with the use of multidimensional double and triple resonance heteronuclear NMR spectroscopy.

Multidimensional heteronuclear NMR spectroscopy has been used to determine almost complete backbone and side-chain 1H, 15N, and 13C resonance assignments of calcium loaded Myxococcus xanthus protein S (173 residues). Of the range of constant-time triple resonance experiments recorded, HNCACB and CBCA(CO)NH, which correlate C alpha and C beta with backbone amide resonances of the same and the succeeding residue respectively, proved particularly useful in resolving assignment ambiguities created by the 4-fold internal homology of the protein S amino acid sequence. Extensive side-chain 1H and 13C assignments have been obtained by analysis of HCCH-TOCSY and 15N-edited TOCSY-HMQC spectra. A combination of NOE, backbone amide proton exchange, 3JNH alpha coupling constant, and chemical shift data has been used to show that each of the protein S repeat units consists of four beta-strands in a Greek key arrangement. Two of the Greek keys contain a regular alpha-helix between the third and fourth strands, resulting in an unusual and possibly unique variation on this common folding motif. Despite similarity between two nine-residue stretches in the first and third domains of protein S and one of the Ca(2+)-binding sequences in bovine brain calmodulin [Inouye, S., Franceschini, T., & Inouye, M. (1983) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 80, 6829-6833], the protein S topology in these regions is incompatible with an EF-hand calmodulin-type Ca(2+)-binding site.[1]


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