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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Expression of mammalian S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase in Escherichia coli. Determination of sites for putrescine activation of activity and processing.

Mammalian S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase (AdoMetDC) is known to be regulated by putrescine in two ways: (a) acceleration of the rate of conversion of the proenzyme into the mature enzyme in a reaction that forms the pyruvate prosthetic group and (b) activation of the mature enzyme activity. To determine sites of putrescine interaction with AdoMetDC, putrescine stimulation of both proenzyme processing and catalytic activity was tested with mutant AdoMetDCs in which specific amino acid residues, conserved between mammalian and yeast AdoMetDCs, had been altered by site-directed mutagenesis. Mutations E178Q or E256Q (and the previously reported mutation E11Q (Stanley, B. A., and Pegg, A. E. (1991) J. Biol. Chem. 266, 18502-18506)) abolished stimulation by putrescine without an effect on the processing rate in the absence of putrescine. Mutations E11K, as well as Y112A and L259Stop, completely abolished processing regardless of putrescine concentration, whereas mutation E133Q conferred an absolute putrescine requirement for processing to occur. Mutation E132Q, E135Q, E183Q, or D185N had no effect on proenzyme processing. The effects of mutations on enzyme activity were determined using AdoMetDC protein produced in Escherichia coli and purified by affinity chromatography. Mutation E11Q completely inactivated the enzyme, mutation E133Q reduced the catalytic constant by > 10(4), and mutation E256Q produced a 20-fold decrease. Putrescine did not stimulate the activity of mutants E178Q and E256Q but did activate mutants E133Q and E183Q. It is concluded that residues Glu-11, Glu-178, and Glu-256 are critical residues in the putrescine stimulation of AdoMetDC proenzyme processing and that Glu-178 and Glu-256 are critical for putrescine stimulation of AdoMetDC catalytic activity.[1]


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