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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

HPLC separation of enterobactin and linear 2,3-dihydroxybenzoylserine derivatives: a study on mutants of Escherichia coli defective in regulation (fur), esterase (fes) and transport ( fepA).

Reversed-phase HPLC separation of enterobactin and its 2,3-dihydroxybenzoylserine derivatives was used for a comparative analysis of mutants of Escherichia coli, defective in the regulation of enterobactin biosynthesis (fur), enterobactin transport ( fepA) and enterobactin esterase (fes). A complete separation of all 2,3-dihydroxybenzoylserine compounds was achieved: the monomer (DHBS), the linear dimer (DHBS)2 and trimer (DHBS)3, the cyclic trimer, enterobactin, as well as 2,3-dihydroxybenzoic acid. The production of all these compounds was followed after ethylacetate extraction from acidified culture fluids. Enterobactin was found to be the predominant product in all mutant strains. The mutant strains behaved differently with regard to the breakdown products. All degradation products, such as DHBS, (DHBS)2 and (DHBS)3, were detected in the overproducing fur mutant where both transport and esterase are still functioning, while only the monomer, DHBS, was detected in the fepA mutant and no degradation was found in the esterase-deficient fes mutant. From the pattern of breakdown products it may be inferred that the esterase acts in two different ways, depending on whether transport is functioning or not. Thus, esterolytic cleavage of ferric enterobactin after entering the cells results in a mixture of all three hydrolysis products, i.e. DHBS, (DHBS)2 and (DHBS)3, while cleavage of iron-free enterobactin subsequent to its biosynthesis yields only the monomer. Thus, the results of quantitative HPLC analysis of enterobactin and its breakdown products show that different enterobactin esterase products arise, depending on whether iron is bound to enterobactin or not.[1]


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