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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Analysis of femtomole concentrations of alpha-ketoisocaproic acid in brain tissue by precolumn fluorescence derivatization with 4,5-dimethoxy-1,2-diaminobenzene.

An extremely sensitive fluorimetric HPLC method used to determine in vivo cerebral alpha-ketoisocaproic acid (KIC) concentration with less than 2 g of tissue (e.g., a single rat brain, approximately 1.8 g) is reported. Removal of unwanted lipids and amino acids and isolation of alpha-ketoacids in an optimal derivatization buffer are achieved by C18 solid-phase extraction of the acid-soluble fraction of brain tissue. Quantitation of KIC to the femtomole level is accomplished by reversed-phase HPLC using 4,5-dimethoxy-1,2-diaminobenzene precolumn fluorescence derivatization and on-line fluorescence detection. These techniques are applicable to femtomole quantitation of other alpha-ketoacids in various tissue and blood matrices. Combination of this fluorimetric method with simple nonchromatographic procedures to measure in vivo cerebral [1-14C]alpha-ketoisocaproic acid radioactivities in tissue provides estimates of specific activities.[1]


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