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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Fluorescent substrate for nascent peptidoglycan synthesis. Uridine diphosphate-N-acetylmuramyl-(Nepsilon-5-dimethylaminonaphthalene-1-sulfonyl)pentapeptide.

The synthesis of UDP-MurNAc-Ala-DGlu-Lys[Nepsilon-dimethylaminonaphthalene sulfonyl (Dns)]-DAla-DAla provides a method for the specific introduction of a fluorescent reporter group into the membrane environment of nascent peptidoglycan synthesis. To assess the degree of perturbation of this environment caused by the introduction of the dansyl substituent, this nucleotide was compared with UDP-MurNAc-Ala-DGlu-Lys-DAla-DAla in the reaction catalyzed by phospho-MurNAc-pentapeptide translocase (UDP-MurNAc-Ala-gammaDGlu-Lys-DAla-DAla:undecaprenyl phosphate phospho-MurNA-C-pentapeptide transferase) and in the membrane-associated synthesis of nascent peptidoglycan. Phospho-MurNAc-pentapeptide translocase in membrane fragments from Staphylococcus aureus Copenhagen catalyzed the transfer of phospho-MurNAc-Ala-DGlu-Lys(Nepsilon-Dns)-DAla-DAla to undecaprenyl phosphate with a Vmax/Km of 3.8 and a Vmax of 1.6 times the values for UDP-MurNAc-pentapeptide. In the exchange reaction catalyzed by the translocase, the Rmax/Km and Rmax for the dansylated substrate were 1.8 and 0.78 times the respective values for the reference nucleotide. The equilibrium constant for the transfer reaction utilizing UDP-MurNAc-(Nepsilon-Dns)pentapeptide was 5.9 +/- 0.13 compared to 1.1 +/- 0.02 for UDP-MurNAc-pentapeptide. With respect to the proposed reaction model (Pless, D. D., and Neuhaus, F. C. (1973) J. Biol. Chem. 248, 1568-1576), the increase in Keq is consistent with a decrease in the affinity of undecaprenyl diphosphate-MurNAc-Ala-DGlu-Lys(Nepsilon-Dns)-DAla-DAla for the translocase. The fluorescence emission maximum of the phospho-MurNAc-(Nepsilon-Dns)pentapeptide moiety of UDP-MurNAc-(Nepsilon-Dns)pentapeptide was blue-shifted from 525 to 495 nm upon transfer from UMP to undecaprenyl phosphate with a 6-fold increase in quantum yield. These spectral changes provided a sensitive and continuous assay for the formation of undecaprenyl diphosphate-MurNAc-Ala-DGlu-Lys(Nepsilon-Dans)-DAla-DAla. The nascent peptidoglycan synthesizing system from Gaffkya homari utilized the dansylated nucleotide with a Vmax/Km of 0.05 and a Vmax of 0.10 times the values for UDP-MurNAc-pentapeptide. These results demonstrate that phospho-MurNAc-Ala-DGlu-Lys(Nepsilon-Dns)-DAla-DAla linked to the undecaprenyl phosphate will serve as a precursor for the synthesis of nascent peptidoglycan and that the dansyl moiety will report on the membrane environment it experiences during this synthesis.[1]


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