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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Characterization of the peptide binding requirements for the cloned human pancreatic polypeptide-preferring receptor.

Traditionally, neuropeptide Y ( NPY) receptors have been divided into Y1 and Y2 subtypes based on peptide pharmacology and synaptic localization. Other receptor subtypes have been proposed based on preferences for NPY, peptide YY ( PYY), or pancreatic polypeptide ( PP). Recently, we discovered a novel human member of this receptor family exhibiting high affinity for PP and PYY. In the current study, we expressed a DNA clone encoding this human PP-preferring receptor [hPP1 (or Y4)] in Chinese hamster ovary cells and performed a peptide structure-activity study. [125I]pPYY bound to homogenates of hPP1-Chinese hamster ovary cells with a Kd of 0.064 +/- 0.006 nM and a Bmax of 244 +/- 12 fmol/mg protein. Human PP inhibited binding with a Ki of 0.023 nM, whereas human PYY (Ki = 0.31 nM) and human NPY Ki = 12 nM) were significantly less potent. Rat, porcine, and bovine PP inhibited binding with similar affinities to human PP, whereas avian PP was substantially less potent (Ki = 1 nM). Deletion of the first four amino acids reduced the affinity of bovine PP to 1 nM. Carboxyl-terminal fragments of NPY and PYY also had reduced potency compared with the native peptides. In addition, deletion of Tyr36-amide produced a substantial reduction in affinity. Pro34-substituted NPY and PYY had modestly increased affinity compared with the native peptides, although Gln34-bPP had similar affinity compared with bovine PP. The carboxyl-terminally derived Y1 antagonist 1229U91 was a very potent (Ki = 0.042 nM) inhibitor of binding to hPP1. Thus, the carboxyl-terminal region of PP seems to be the most important part of the peptide for high affinity binding to hPP1. A few key residues (amino acids 2 and 3) in the amino-terminal region of PP contribute to the high affinity of the native peptide. Thus, features required for peptide recognition by the hPP1 receptor seem to be distinct from the Y1 and Y2 receptor.[1]


  1. Characterization of the peptide binding requirements for the cloned human pancreatic polypeptide-preferring receptor. Gehlert, D.R., Schober, D.A., Beavers, L., Gadski, R., Hoffman, J.A., Smiley, D.L., Chance, R.E., Lundell, I., Larhammar, D. Mol. Pharmacol. (1996) [Pubmed]
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