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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Positive charge modifications alter the ability of XIP to inhibit the plasma membrane calcium pump.

Exchange inhibitory peptide ( XIP; RRLLFYKYVYKRYRAGKQRG) is the shortest peptide that inhibits the plasma membrane Ca pump at high Ca (A. Enyedi, T. Vorherr, P. James, D. J. McCormick, A. G. Filoteo, E. Carafoli, and J. T. Penniston, J. Biol. Chem. 264: 12313-12321, 1989). Sulfosuccinimidyl acetate (SNA)-modified XIP does not inhibit the Ca pump; SNA neutralizes the positive charge on Lys at positions 7, 11, and 17. Peptide 2CK-XIP (RRLLFYRYVYRCYCAGRQKG) inhibits the pump, but the iodoacetamido-modified peptide does not inhibit. Three peptide analogues, in which 7, 11, and 17 were Ala, Cys, or Lys, inhibited about as well as XIP. SNA modification of these analogues (each with 1 Lys) did not inhibit. SNA modification of 2CK-XIP results in a peptide that does not inhibit; thus position 19 is important. Our results suggest that it is critical that position 19 be positively charged, that positions 7, 11, and 17 are important contact points between XIP and the Ca pump (with at least one positively charged), and that, whereas it is not essential that residues 12 and 14 be positive, they cannot be negative.[1]


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