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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Localization and regulation of the rat renal Na(+)-K(+)-2Cl- cotransporter, BSC-1.

To investigate the role of the thick ascending limb (TAL) Na(+)-K(+)-2Cl- cotransporter in regulation of water excretion, we have prepared a peptide-derived polyclonal antibody based on the cloned cDNA sequence of the rat type 1 bumetanide-sensitive cotransporter, BSC-1 (also termed "NKCC-2"). Immunoblots revealed a single broad 161-kDa band in membrane fractions of rat renal outer medulla and cortex but not from rat colon or parotid gland. A similar protein was labeled in mouse kidney. Immunoperoxidase immunohistochemistry in rat kidney revealed labeling restricted to the medullary and cortical TAL segments. Because long-term regulation of urinary concentrating ability may depend on regulation of Na(+)-K(+)-2Cl- cotransporter abundance, we used immunoblotting to evaluate the effects of several in vivo factors on expression levels of BSC-1 protein in rat kidney outer medulla. Chronic oral saline loading with 0.16 M NaCl markedly increased BSC-1 abundance. However, long-term vasopressin infusion or thirsting of rats did not affect BSC-1 abundance. Chronic furosemide infusion caused a 9-kDa upward shift in apparent molecular mass and an apparent increase in expression level. These results support the previous identification of BSC-1 as the TAL Na(+)-K(+)-2Cl- transporter and demonstrate that the expression of this transporter is regulated.[1]


  1. Localization and regulation of the rat renal Na(+)-K(+)-2Cl- cotransporter, BSC-1. Ecelbarger, C.A., Terris, J., Hoyer, J.R., Nielsen, S., Wade, J.B., Knepper, M.A. Am. J. Physiol. (1996) [Pubmed]
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