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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

The renin-angiotensin system in the rabbit eye.

We analyzed the components of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in ocular tissues of normal rabbit eyes and compared the results with those measured in rabbit eyes with proliferative vitreoretinopathy and ocular hypertension. Proliferative vitreoretinopathy was induced by injection of human platelets into the vitreous humor, and ocular hypertension was induced by injection of alpha-chymotrypsin into the posterior chamber. Angiotensinogen, renin, angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE), angiotensin II (Ang II), and Ang II receptors were assessed using conventional biochemical techniques. The vascularized tissues of normal eyes contained high renin and ACE activities concomitant with low concentration of angiotensinogen and Ang II. In general, in the ocular humors, the opposite was found. The Ang II receptor density was highest in the uveal tract [range 35-190 fmol/mg protein]. The AT1 receptor subtype predominated [> 80%]. The RAS was only minimally different in the two pathological models except that, in ocular hypertension, the renin activity in the uveal tract was reduced [-50%]. Also, the ratio of AT1 to AT2 receptors changed as compared to control, although the total receptor density remained unaltered. In conclusion, we present evidence for the presence of a complete local RAS in the rabbit eye, which is only marginally affected by the two pathological models studied.[1]

References

  1. The renin-angiotensin system in the rabbit eye. Ramirez, M., Davidson, E.A., Luttenauer, L., Elena, P.P., Cumin, F., Mathis, G.A., De Gasparo, M. Journal of ocular pharmacology and therapeutics : the official journal of the Association for Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics. (1996) [Pubmed]
 
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