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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of eltanolone on myocardial performance and coronary flow in intact and catecholamine-depleted isolated rabbit hearts.

BACKGROUND: Experimental studies suggest that the new short-acting intravenous anesthetic agent eltanolone does not markedly alter hemodynamics or cardiac function. However, because its intrinsic effects on myocardial performance and coronary blood flow are not yet known, they were examined in isolated blood-perfused rabbit hearts. METHODS: Coronary blood flow, myocardial contractility, relaxation, and oxygen consumption were measured during perfusion of hearts with 0.1 to 10 micrograms/ml eltanolone (n = 7) or its vehicle (n = 7). To determine whether the cardiac effects of eltanolone are mediated by indirect sympathetic activation, the same dose-response curve was studied in another group of five hearts depleted of catecholamine with reserpine treatment. RESULTS: Coronary blood flow significantly increased with 10 micrograms/ml eltanolone and significantly decreased with 10 micrograms/ ml eltanolone vehicle. At eltanolone concentrations less than 10 micrograms/ml, myocardial contractility and relaxation remained unchanged but decreased at 10 micrograms/ml. Myocardial contractility and relaxation were not affected by perfusion of eltanolone vehicle alone. In eltanolone-perfused hearts, unchanged myocardial oxygen consumption was associated with significant increases in coronary venous oxygen content and tension, but in vehicle-perfused hearts, it was associated with reduced coronary venous oxygen content and tension. In catecholamine-depleted hearts, the variations in myocardial performance and coronary blood flow induced by eltanolone were similar to those observed in intact hearts. CONCLUSIONS: Eltanolone (0.1 to 3 micrograms/ml) did not alter myocardial performance or coronary blood flow in isolated blood-perfused rabbit hearts. These effects were not due to an eltanolone-induced indirect sympathetic activation. Cardiac depression and coronary vasodilatation were only observed at concentrations of eltanolone far greater than those in clinical range.[1]


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