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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of chromium on lymphocyte subsets and immunoglobulins from normal population and exposed workers.

Blood lymphocyte subsets and serum immunoglobulins were studied in 15 men (mean age: 35 years), not exposed to toxic agents, and in 15 healthy men, exposed to dust containing several compounds (including lead chromate), working in a factory producing plastic materials. Worker blood lead and urine chromium (Cr) levels were significantly higher than controls, while serum Cr concentration was unchanged. In the worker blood, CD4+ helper-inducer (mainly CD4+-CD45RO- "virgin"), CD5--CD19+ B, CD3--CD25+ activated B and CD3--HLA-DR+ activated B and natural killer (NK) lymphocytes were significantly reduced (about 30-50 %). The investigated workers were exposed to hexavalent Cr, as lead chromate, whereas normal population (control group) was mainly exposed to trivalent Cr. In the control group, urinary Cr showed a significant positive correlation with CD16+-56+ NK, CD5+-CD19+ B and HLA-DR+ activated T, B and NK lymphocytes and a negative correlation with serum IgA immunoglobulins; moreover, serum Cr was significantly correlated with all blood lymphocytes and HLA-DR+, CD3--HLA--DR+ and CD3--CD25+ lymphocyte subsets. These data suggest that trivalent Cr may be involved in mechanisms regulating the immune response in humans.[1]


  1. Effects of chromium on lymphocyte subsets and immunoglobulins from normal population and exposed workers. Boscolo, P., Di Gioacchino, M., Bavazzano, P., White, M., Sabbioni, E. Life Sci. (1997) [Pubmed]
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