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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cloning and characterization of a novel Cdc42-associated tyrosine kinase, ACK-2, from bovine brain.

Cdc42 plays an important role in intracellular signaling pathways that influence cell morphology and motility and stimulate DNA synthesis. In attempts to determine whether nonreceptor tyrosine kinases play a fundamental role in Cdc42 signaling, we have cloned and biochemically characterized a new Cdc42- associated tyrosine kinase (ACK) from bovine brain. This tyrosine kinase, named ACK-2, has a calculated molecular mass of 83 kDa and shares a number of primary structural domains with the 120-kDa ACK (ACK-1). The main differences between the primary structures of ACK-2 and ACK-1 occur in the amino- and carboxyl-terminal regions. Like ACK-1, ACK-2 binds exclusively to activated (GTP-bound) Cdc42 and does not bind to its closest homologs, e.g. activated Rac. ACK-2 could not be activated by addition of glutathione S-transferase (GST)-Cdc42(Q61L), a GTPase-defective mutant, or by GTPgammaS-loaded GST-Cdc42 in in vitro kinase assays. However, ACK-2 was activated when cotransfected with wild type Cdc42 or Cdc42(Q61L) and stably associated with Cdc42(Q61L) in vivo, indicating that ACK-2 interacts with active Cdc42 in cells. Furthermore, the tyrosine kinase activity of ACK-2 was stimulated both by epidermal growth factor and bradykinin, suggesting that ACK-2 may play a role in the signaling actions of both receptor tyrosine kinases or heterotrimeric G-protein-coupled receptors.[1]


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