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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

mdfw: a deafness susceptibility locus that interacts with deaf waddler (dfw).

The deaf waddler (dfw) mutation is a model system to study the biology of neuroepithelial hearing defects in mice. Here we describe the identification and characterization of a new allele of deaf waddler (dfw2J) and present evidence for a hearing susceptibility locus (mdfw) that interacts with dfw. We found that CBy-dfw2J/dfw2J homozygotes exhibit no discernible auditory brainstem responses (ABR) to sound pressure level stimuli up to 100 dB, indicating a profound deafness. Interestingly, the ABR in CBy-dfw2J/+ heterozygotes is also abnormal, showing age-dependent elevated thresholds characteristic of a progressive hearing loss. When outcrossed onto the CAST/Ei strain, only 24% of the F2 CBy/CAST-dfw2J/ + heterozygotes displayed increased ABR thresholds, suggesting that a second locus, controlling hearing function in dfw2J/+ heterozygotes, was segregating in the CBy/CAST-dfw2J intercross. By linkage analysis, we localized this locus (mdfw) to Chromosome 10, between markers D10Mit127 and D10Mit185, within a 4.0 +/- 1.1 cM genetic interval. All CBy/CAST-dfw2J/+ heterozygotes that develop hearing loss are homozygous for the CBy-derived recessive allele (mdfwC). In contrast, CBy/ CAST-dfw2J/+ heterozygotes expressing even a single copy of the CAST/Ei-derived mdfw allele (Mdfw) retain their normal hearing function. Our results reveal an epistatic relationship between the mdfw and the dfw genes and provide a model system to study nonsyndromic hearing loss in mice.[1]


  1. mdfw: a deafness susceptibility locus that interacts with deaf waddler (dfw). Noben-Trauth, K., Zheng, Q.Y., Johnson, K.R., Nishina, P.M. Genomics (1997) [Pubmed]
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