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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Phosphorylation mutants of p53 show differential complex formation with putative dehydrogenase Tms1 of fission yeast.

The yeast tms1 gene was originally identified as a multi-copy suppressor of a lethal growth arrest caused by expression of a tumour mutant cDNA of p53 in fission yeast. The tms1 gene product (Tms1) was found to form stable complexes with p53 in yeast and in vitro; using purified recombinant proteins, the interaction was mapped to the C-terminal region of p53. This part is known to be modified by several protein kinases resulting in a transition of p53 from a latent to an activated state capable of transactivating various cellular genes involved in growth suppression or apoptosis. Since there is evidence for an evolutionary conservation of a Tms1-related protein in mammals, the effect of the phosphorylation status of the C-terminus of p53 on Tms1/p53 complex formation in vitro has been investigated. Whereas mutants changing the cdc2 phosphorylation site at position 315 of human p53 had only little effect on Tms1/p53 complex formation, we found that mutants involving the protein kinase CK2 site at position 392 showed a significantly decreased relative affinity for the Tms1 protein. The same result was obtained by using a C-terminal fragment of p53 which was phosphorylated by purified protein kinase CK2, suggesting that the complex formation of p53 with cellular C-terminal binding proteins like Tms1 impairs regulation by phosphorylation.[1]


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