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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Involvement of CD4+ cells in the protection of C58 mouse against polioencephalomyelitis induced by lactate dehydrogenase-elevating virus.

Immunosuppression, occurring naturally with aging, or experimentally after cyclophosphamide treatment or irradiation, is required for the development in C58 mice infected with lactate dehydrogenase-elevating virus (LDV) of a severe polioencephalomyelitis that is caused by viral destruction of anterior horn neurons. Here it is shown that depletion of T helper lymphocytes by administration of an anti-CD4 antibody was followed by a progressive paralysis typical of polioencephalomyelitis in C58/J mice inoculated with a neurovirulent strain of LDV. Although it was clear that other cell subsets are also required to assure complete protection of genetically-susceptible mice, our results show that T helper lymphocytes play a major role in the prevention of LDV-induced polioencephalomyelitis. The mechanisms by which these cells confer this protection remain however to be determined.[1]


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