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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Evidence for two nonidentical drug-interaction sites in the human P-glycoprotein.

Human P-glycoprotein ( Pgp) confers multidrug resistance to cancer cells by ATP-dependent extrusion of a great many structurally dissimilar hydrophobic compounds. The manner in which Pgp recognizes these different substrates is unknown. The protein shows internal homology between its N- and C-terminal halves, each comprised of six putative transmembrane helices and a consensus ATP binding/utilization site. Photoactive derivatives of certain Pgp substrates specifically label two regions, one on each half of the protein. In this study, using [125I]iodoarylazidoprazosin ([125I]IAAP), a photoactive analog of prazosin, we have demonstrated the presence of two nonidentical drug-interaction sites within Pgp. Taking advantage of a highly susceptible trypsin cleavage site in the linker region of Pgp, we characterized the [125I]IAAP binding to the N- and C-terminal halves. cis(Z)-Flupentixol, a modulator of Pgp function, preferentially increased the affinity of [125I]IAAP for the C-terminal half of the protein (C-site) by reducing the Kd from 20 to 6 nM without changing the labeling or affinity (Kd = 42-46 nM) of the N-terminal half (N-site). Also, the concentration of vinblastine ( Pgp substrate) and cyclosporin A ( Pgp modulator) required for 50% inhibition of [125I]IAAP binding to the C-site was increased 5- to 6-fold by cis(Z)-flupentixol without any effect on the N-site. In addition, [125I]IAAP binding to the N-site was less susceptible than to C-site to inhibition by vanadate which blocks ATP hydrolysis and drug transport. These data demonstrate the presence of at least two nonidentical substrate interaction sites in Pgp.[1]


  1. Evidence for two nonidentical drug-interaction sites in the human P-glycoprotein. Dey, S., Ramachandra, M., Pastan, I., Gottesman, M.M., Ambudkar, S.V. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1997) [Pubmed]
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