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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

The first step of glycosylphosphatidylinositol biosynthesis is mediated by a complex of PIG-A, PIG-H, PIG-C and GPI1.

Biosynthesis of glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) is initiated by transfer of N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) from UDP-GlcNAc to phosphatidylinositol (PI). This chemically simple step is genetically complex because three genes are required in both mammals and yeast. Mammalian PIG-A and PIG-C are homologous to yeast GPI3 and GPI2, respectively; however, mammalian PIG-H is not homologous to yeast GPI1. Here, we report cloning of a human homolog of GPI1 (hGPI1) and demonstrate that four mammalian gene products form a protein complex in the endoplasmic reticulum membrane. PIG-L, which is involved in the second step in GPI synthesis, GlcNAc-PI de-N-acetylation, did not associate with the isolated complex. The protein complex had GPI-GlcNAc transferase (GPI-GnT) activity in vitro, but did not mediate the second reaction. Bovine PI was utilized approximately 100-fold more efficiently than soybean PI as a substrate, and lyso PI was a very inefficient substrate. These results suggest that GPI-GnT recognizes the fatty acyl chains of PI. The unusually complex organization of GPI-GnT may be relevant to selective usage of PI and/or regulation.[1]

References

  1. The first step of glycosylphosphatidylinositol biosynthesis is mediated by a complex of PIG-A, PIG-H, PIG-C and GPI1. Watanabe, R., Inoue, N., Westfall, B., Taron, C.H., Orlean, P., Takeda, J., Kinoshita, T. EMBO J. (1998) [Pubmed]
 
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