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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Mutational analysis of the roles of residues in Escherichia coli elongation factor Ts in the interaction with elongation factor Tu.

The crystal structure of the Escherichia coli elongation factor (EF)-Tu.Ts complex indicates that there are extensive contacts between EF-Tu and EF-Ts. To determine the importance of these contacts in the interaction between E. coli EF-Tu and EF-Ts, residues in EF-Ts at the interface of these two proteins were mutated. The binding constants governing the interaction of the resulting EF-Ts variants with E. coli EF-Tu were determined. The effects of these mutations on the ability of EF-Ts to stimulate GDP exchange with EF-Tu.GDP and on its ability to stimulate the activity of EF-Tu in polymerization were tested. The results indicate that Arg-12, Met-19, and Met-20 in the N-terminal domain of EF-Ts and His-147 and Lys-166 and/or His-167 in subdomain C of EF-Ts are crucial in the interaction between EF-Tu and EF-Ts. Lys-23, Val-234, Met-235, and the C-terminal helix h13 are less important. The binding constants of the EF-Ts variants governing their interactions with EF-Tu correlate well with their activities in stimulating GDP exchange with EF-Tu. Mutations prepared in EF-Tu indicate that His-19 and Gln-114 but not Glu-348 in EF-Tu are moderately important for its interaction with EF-Ts.[1]


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