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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Functional relationships of Srb10-Srb11 kinase, carboxy-terminal domain kinase CTDK-I, and transcriptional corepressor Ssn6-Tup1.

The Srb10-Srb11 protein kinase of Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a cyclin-dependent kinase (cdk)-cyclin pair which has been found associated with the carboxy-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA polymerase II holoenzyme forms. Previous genetic findings implicated the Srb10-Srb11 kinase in transcriptional repression. Here we use synthetic promoters and LexA fusion proteins to test the requirement for Srb10-Srb11 in repression by Ssn6-Tup1, a global corepressor. We show that srb10delta and srb11delta mutations reduce repression by DNA-bound LexA-Ssn6 and LexA-Tup1. A point mutation in a conserved subdomain of the kinase similarly reduced repression, indicating that the catalytic activity is required. These findings establish a functional link between Ssn6-Tup1 and the Srb10-Srb11 kinase in vivo. We also explored the relationship between Srb10-Srb11 and CTD kinase I (CTDK-I), another member of the cdk-cyclin family that has been implicated in CTD phosphorylation. We show that mutation of CTK1, encoding the cdk subunit, causes defects in transcriptional repression by LexA-Tup1 and in transcriptional activation. Analysis of the mutant phenotypes and the genetic interactions of srb10delta and ctk1A suggests that the two kinases have related but distinct roles in transcriptional control. These genetic findings, together with previous biochemical evidence, suggest that one mechanism of repression by Ssn6-Tup1 involves functional interaction with RNA polymerase II holoenzyme.[1]


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