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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Peroxidase-catalyzed oxidation of 2,4,6-trichlorophenol.

2,4,6-Trichlorophenol (TCP) is an environmental contaminant that is toxic, mutagenic, and carcinogenic. We have investigated peroxidase-catalyzed oxidation of TCP as an alternative pathway of TCP bioactivation using horseradish peroxidase (HRP) as a model peroxidase. TCP was shown to function as a reducing substarte for HRP as evidenced by TCP-dependent, HRP-catalyzed reduction of 5-phenyl-4-penten-1-yl hydroperoxide (PPHP) to its corresponding alcohol. In addition, TCP was shown to undergo hydroperoxide (H2O2, ethyl hydroperoxide, or PPHP)-dependent metabolism as evidenced by electronic absorption spectroscopic analysis of reaction mixtures. A single major product was detected by reverse phase HPLC and was identified as 2,6-dichloro-1,4-benzoquinone (2,6-dichloro-2, 5-cyclohexadiene-1,4-dione, CAS no. 697-91-6) on the basis of electronic absorption spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, and cochromatography with synthetic standard. In addition, HRP-catalyzed oxidation of TCP yielded EPR-detectable phenoxyl radical intermediates whose EPR spectrum consisted of a 1:2:1 triplet characterized by proton hyperfine coupling constants aH(3,5) = 2.35 gauss. Mechanisms for the hydroperoxide-dependent, HRP-catalyzed oxidation of TCP are proposed that are consistent with these results.[1]


  1. Peroxidase-catalyzed oxidation of 2,4,6-trichlorophenol. Wiese, F.W., Chang, H.C., Lloyd, R.V., Freeman, J.P., Samokyszyn, V.M. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. (1998) [Pubmed]
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