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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Temporal change in skeletal muscle IGF-I mRNA abundance and nitrogen metabolism responses to abomasal casein infusion in steers.

Skeletal muscle IGF-I and alpha-actin mRNA responses to increased amino acid availability were investigated in young, rapidly growing steers. Four Holstein steers (208 kg BW) were surgically implanted with an abomasal cannula and jugular catheters and allowed 2 wk to recover. Steers were offered hourly a 43:57 forage:concentrate diet at 95% of ad libitum intake supplemented with continuous abomasal infusion of glucose (to replace 12.5% of metabolizable ad libitum energy intake) for 13 d before the start of abomasal infusion of 67 g of casein N/d. Biopsies of the liver and both semimembranosus muscles were removed and frozen in liquid N, and casein infusion was begun. Muscle biopsies were collected at 8, 16, 24, and 48 h, and on d 7 and 14. Nitrogen balance increased from 23.6 to 71.5 g/d (P < .001) within 24 h and remained elevated (mean = 58.4 g/d) during the 14 d of casein infusion. Plasma urea N increased from 4 to 9.5 mg/dL at 24 h and remained unchanged to d 14. Muscle IGF-I mRNA abundance increased to 215% of basal values at 16 h (P < .01), 244% of basal values at 24 h, and 222% of basal values at 48 h after initiation of casein infusion. Values reached a maximum of 274% of basal values on d 7 and then declined to near preinfusion levels on d 14. The IGF-I mRNA abundance was approximately 100 times higher in liver than in skeletal muscle and was not different on d 0 and 14. Although plasma IGF-I concentrations were numerically higher during the first 24 h of abomasal casein infusion, they were not significantly higher during the chronic phase of treatment. Plasma IGF binding protein (BP)-2 concentrations were higher at 16, 24, and 48 h after casein infusion was begun, but IGFBP-3 concentrations were not altered at these sampling times. Neither acute (first 24 h) nor chronic (daily) plasma insulin concentrations were altered by abomasal casein infusion. Plasma somatotropin concentrations were lower (P = .008) at 24 h of casein infusion and beyond. Results suggest that enhanced amino acid availability may modulate skeletal muscle protein synthesis and accretion through an autocrine or paracrine IGF-I influence.[1]


  1. Temporal change in skeletal muscle IGF-I mRNA abundance and nitrogen metabolism responses to abomasal casein infusion in steers. Moloney, A.P., Beermann, D.H., Gerrard, D., Robinson, T.F., Finnerty, K.D. J. Anim. Sci. (1998) [Pubmed]
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